When I first thought about interior decorating, these words came to mind: stylishness, originality and creativity – but did you know that there is a level of Science involved? All interior designers will follow a set of “rules” based on the elements and principles of different interior designs. There are 7 elements of interior design that includes space, line, forms, light, color, texture and pattern. The goal is to keep these elements in balance with the idea of creating an aesthetically pleasant interior space.
On top of improving the look of a room, figuring out a way to get these elements to complement one another will ultimately make the space more functional. To begin, you will need to first observe the room, always keeping the 7 elements in mind, and then use them to conceal or emphasize the many characteristics and imperfections of the space. At the very least, these 7 elements should always be kept in mind when assessing an interior design.
The first element is space, and the most important concept to understand; The ability to take advantage of what is available to you. Most of the time, available space cannot be changed so you will need to get creative and work with what you have. When visualizing space, work within three dimensions: length, width, and height. This three-dimensional space can all be used, or parts left empty, that is up to you to decide contingent upon what you’d like to accomplish from a use and design viewpoint. Space can be viewed in two categories, positive and negative. The positive space is the space that contains objects while negative space is the empty space in between. It’s important to find a balance between the two making sure you don’t overcrowd or the opposite, leave the space too bare. This is all dependent by your needs in a certain area/room and what is needed to make the space functional.
The next element is line. Horizontal and vertical lines help guide the eye and put together a space. Designing lines using the furniture structure of the room can create compatibility, integration and distinction. Vertical lines created by windows and doorways, captures the feeling of freedom whereas horizontal lines created by tables for example, provides efficiency. The purpose of these lines is to draw one’s eyes to the focal point of the room. Don’t overdo it though you do not want the space to feel boring, remember to be creative and have fun with it!
The third element is form. This element refers to the shape of the room as well as the shape of the objects in that room. When looking at form keep in mind proportions and that the objects in the room are proportionately placed. Adding in other similar shapes can make the room feel more balanced. Be careful not to add in too many different shapes this can make the room feel a bit perplex. A good tip I recommend would be to determine the one main form of the room and repeat it in smaller more minor objects to make the space look and feel more pleasant.
The fourth element is light. Using natural or man-made light is an essential component of every room. Not having light means that the objects in the room cannot shine to their complete potential. Light can be used in many ways and some rooms require brighter light than others. For example, an office space will want to have bright light so you can see while working whereas a living room can have dimmer lighting in order to make the space feel more adaptable. Natural lighting can be utilized through doors, window and mirrors. Light can really set the mood of a space.
The fifth element is color. Color like light, can set the mood, define harmony and create the illusion of a space feeling bigger or smaller. There definitely is psychology behind this element and should be taken advantage of. For example, greens and blues give a sense of calming, great to use in a bedroom whereas red makes one hungry which is why you will see red in kitchens. Before painting a wall in any room first think of what the room will be used for and the activities that will take place in that space. Remember, use light colors for small spaces and darker colors for big spaces.
The sixth element is texture. This element can be seen in two forms, visual and actual texture. Visual texture is the patterns one sees with the eye and the feeling they get from it and actual texture is when one can see it and touch it. Incorporating actual textures to objects in a room can really bring out a nice contrast to the space and give it the finishing touch it needs.
And lastly, the final element I will touch upon is pattern. Like texture, patterns can be a nice added feature to making a room feel complete. Pattern is created by using repetitive designs such as the use of wallpapers, rugs, and fabrics. When designing a small space try not to use too much pattern as it may be too much however if used properly, can really enhance the room. For example, with more traditional rooms I recommend the use of floral prints whereas a more contemporary space stick to geometric and abstract prints.
If you are looking to move or are interested in more information, please don’t hesitate to reach out for more details. I look forward to helping you with that part of the transition if need be. And stay tuned for more blog updates coming twice a month on my website in the future!
Best, Cristina Diez
Contact Cristina Diez today for more information about staging or anything Miami Real Estate.
Cristina Diez is a top producing realtor and lifelong Miami resident with Great Properties International who is known for her extensive market knowledge and excellent real estate reporting, analytics and forecasts.